by Staff Writers
Beijing (UPI) Nov 10, 2011
China will face yield losses in rice, wheat and corn -- the country's three main crops -- unless it takes steps to offset the effects of climate change, an expert warns.
"The impact of climate change, especially extreme weather and plant diseases and insects, will cause a bigger grain production fluctuation in China and bring more serious threats to the country's food supplies," said Tang Huajun, deputy dean of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, China Daily newspaper reports
In an effort to safeguard China's grain security, the government last month said it would introduce legislation aimed at improving the country's grain production, protecting farmlands and to adopt policies favorable for the agricultural sector.
The government's Agriculture and Rural Affairs Committee is pressing for the legislation to include improvements to the national grain reserve system and measures to prevent foreign capital from undermining national grain security, state-run news agency Xinhua reports.
China, the world's second largest and fastest-growing economy, is the world's biggest grain producer.
Its grain output is expected to rise to more than 550 million tons after 2010's record production of 546.4 million tons, representing the eighth consecutive year for increased production, Ministry of Agriculture figures show.
China's need for grain continues to soar, with demand likely to reach 572.5 million tons by 2020. That's an increase of 47.5 million tons compared to 2010.
But if climate change continues, Tang warns, China's rice output could drop 4-14 percent in 2050. Wheat and corn output in 2050 could fall 2-20 percent and 1-23 percent, respectively. The three crops typically represent 80 percent of China's total grain production.
"China will be faced with a heavy task ensuring its food security, since negative effects of climate change has become more obvious and these are increasing," Qu Sixi, deputy director of the Ministry of Agriculture's department of international cooperation.
Just from flooding, 24.7 million acres of China's farmland was affected each year in the 2000s, compared with 12.3 million acres in the 1970s.
Meantime, China is increasingly searching outside its borders for reliable agricultural sources.
State-owned China National Cereals, Oils and Foodstuffs Corporation, the country's largest trader of grains and edible oils, plans to spend more than $10 billion on overseas mergers and acquisitions in the next five years.
"Because of the nation's limited agricultural resources, we have to look overseas," COFCO board member Jiang Hua said.
Farming Today - Suppliers and Technology
Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.
Water dispute threatens last Iraq commercial farm
As-Suwayra, Iraq (AFP) Nov 11, 2011
The grass is yellowing, the cows are emaciated and milk production is a fraction of what it once was - Iraq's last major commercial farm is dying a slow death due to a dispute over water. The 1,600-hectare Al-Nasr farm, located in As-Suwayra about 60 kilometres (35 miles) southeast of Baghdad and owned by the wealthy Buniya family, had 3,500 Holstein cows, which once produced 12,000 tonnes ... read more
|The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2011 - Space Media Network. AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement|