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First ban on all Japanese food over nuclear crisis

Chernobyl still contaminates food in N. Ukraine: Greenpeace
Kiev (AFP) April 5, 2011 - Radioactive fallout from the 1986 Chernobyl disaster still affects food sold in village markets in rural areas of northern Ukraine, Greenpeace campaigners said on Tuesday. The environmental group published the findings of a small investigation into food purchased from village markets in two administrative regions, Zhytomyr and Rivne. Tests found caesium 137, a long-lasting radioactive contaminant that accumulates in organisms, which were above permissible levels in many samples of milk, dried mushrooms and berries, they said.

Levels were higher in Rivne region because much of the area has a peaty, waterlogged soil that transmits radioactive particles more easily to plants than other soil types, they said. The pilot study was led by Iryna Labunska, a Greenpeace scientist at the University of Exeter, southwestern England. It was released ahead of the 25th anniversary of the Chernobyl catastrophe to highlight what Greenpeace said were gaps in surveillance of food in rural regions hit by the radioactive cloud. "Regular analyses of food (in these regions) stopped two years ago," said Labunska.

"Caesium 137 still represents a long-term threat to public health. It is absolutely premature of the government to end the monitoring programme." Large-scale food production in Ukraine has no problems but the situation is different in poor villages, where farmers may feed their cows on contaminated hay or collect mushrooms and berries which they then sell on stands at a local market. The Greenpeace study, carried out in March, entailed testing of 114 samples from the two districts and from a third, non-contaminated district which served as a comparison. Western and southern Ukraine were not affected by fallout from Chernobyl.
by Staff Writers
Tokyo (AFP) April 5, 2011
India banned all food imports from Japan Tuesday, the first country to impose a blanket block over radiation from a stricken nuclear plant, as shares in its operator plunged to an all-time low.

With workers pumping toxic water from the Fukushima atomic plant into the Pacific Ocean for a second day Japan imposed a legal limit for radioactive iodine in fish, adding it would look at widening tests to cover a larger area.

Raised levels of radioactive iodine had been discovered in a fish caught off Ibaraki prefecture, south of the crippled plant.

An Indian government statement said all food imports from Japan "stand suspended with immediate effect" for three months, or until "credible information is available that the radiation hazard has subsided to acceptable limits".

The move by India, which imports small amounts of fruits, vegetables and processed food, is the first nationwide ban, while several countries including China, Singapore and the United States have blocked food from some Japanese prefectures.

Shares in Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO) plunged to a new low of 362 yen -- their lowest ever level -- amid concerns the firm, which operates the power station, will face huge compensation bills.

The embattled company has lost more than 80 percent of its value since the March 11 quake and tsunami knocked out reactor cooling systems at the Fukushima nuclear plant, triggering explosions and releasing radiation.

On Monday, its operators began releasing low-level radioactive water into the sea to free up urgently needed safe storage space for water so toxic that it is halting crucial repair work.

The company has said it needs to dump 11,500 tonnes, or more than four Olympic pools' worth, of the radioactive liquid, raising concerns about marine life in the island nation, where seafood is a key source of protein.

Some radioactive runoff has already leaked into the Pacific Ocean, raising levels of iodine-131 to over 4,000 times the legal limit in one measurement.

On Tuesday, government chief spokesman Yukio Edano announced a legal limit of 2,000 becquerels per kilogram for radioactive iodine in seafood, the first time such restriction for fish.

"The government has decided to temporarily adopt the same limit as for vegetables," he told a press conference.

The move came after radioactive iodine of more than double that concentration was detected in a variety of small fish known as konago, or sand lance, caught off Ibaraki, south of the plant.

Fishing of the species was stopped locally, reports said.

Radioactive iodine above legal limits has been detected in vegetables, dairy products and mushrooms, triggering shipping bans, but officials had said seafood was less at risk as ocean currents and tides dilute dangerous isotopes.

Fishermen in the area expressed outrage over the decision to dump radioactive water into the ocean.

"We heard radioactive material was leaking into the sea," said Yoshihiro Niizuma of the Fukushima Fisheries cooperative. "Now they are dumping contaminated water on purpose."

Seoul also questioned the decision, saying the proximity of the two neighbours made Japan's action "a pressing issue" for South Korea.

Fishing has been banned within 20 kilometres (12 miles) of the stricken plant, matching the radius of the evacuation zone on land, where tens of thousands of residents have been moved out.

The dumping of radioactive water into the sea has also cast concerns on the earnings of the fishery industry, and some analysts estimate TEPCO could face compensation claims of more than 10 trillion yen ($120 billion).

TEPCO last week said it had secured two trillion yen in funding but warned that this would not be enough.

The company said Tuesday it had offered 10 municipalities in Fukushima prefecture whose residents have had to evacuate "consolation" payments of 20 million yen ($237,500), separate to future compensation.

One of them, Namie, rejected the offer, with a muncipality spokeswoman saying: "The town has a population of over 20,000, so the amount to be received by each resident would be less than 1,000 yen."

The money had been refused "so that we can leave room for speaking strongly against the company," she added.

The wider economic fallout from Japan's triple calamity -- the massive March 11 earthquake, giant tsunami and the nuclear crisis -- is likely to drive the country into recession in coming months, said a survey of economists.

The disaster, which has left more than 12,000 dead and over 15,000 missing, has also hit exports, business confidence and consumer spending, the Nikkei daily said in the survey of 11 major private economic institutions.

earlier related report
EU to tighten radiation limits on Japan food imports
Vienna (AFP) April 5, 2011 - The European Union is planning to tighten radiation limits on Japanese food imports, Austria's health ministry said Tuesday, citing EU health commissioner John Dalli at a meeting in Hungary.

According to Fabian Fusseis, a spokesman for Austrian Health Minister Alois Stoeger who attended a meeting of EU health ministers in Godollo Castle outside Budapest, Dalli said that stricter radiation limits would be imposed on Japanese food following the disaster at the stricken Fukushima nuclear power plant.

EU Commission head Jose Manuel Barroso confirmed the plans during a session of the European Parliament in parliament.

"We have a regulation that was established after Chernobyl," Barroso said, referring to the world's worst nuclear accident in Ukraine in 1986.

That regulation was "made based on the best scientific evidence" at the time, he said.

Japan, however, which takes an "extremely sensitive position" in matters of food security, had "a different level, a different threshold than the one we have in Europe," Barroso said.

Thus, "during this period we have decided that on a transitional basis we are going to implement the standards of Japan (where) the levels permitted are lower," he said.

Meanwhile, "we are going to consult the committee of experts on a national and a European level so that we can, if appropriate, establish common uniform rules for all imports," he added.

Such a move was "purely precautionary", Barroso insisted, saying that any readings had shown "negligible" levels of radioactivity that was well below both European and Japanese norms.

The 27-nation bloc wants its current radiation limits to be brought in line with those of Japan in the cases of caesium-134 and caesium-137, Dalli's spokesman Frederic Vincent told AFP.

That would lower the level of permissible contamination to 500 becquerels per kilogramme from 1,250 becquerels per kilogramme at present.

The new limit for iodine-131 would be 2,000 becquerels per kilogramme and for strontium-90 it would be no more than 750 becquerels per kilogramme.

At present, the EU asks the Japanese authorities to check all food exports for radiation while the national authorities of the importing countries monitor at least 10 percent of goods arriving.

Last year, the EU imported 9,000 tonnes of fruit and vegetables from Japan.




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Manage Biological Invasions Like Natural Disasters
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Biological invasions get less prime-time coverage than natural disasters, but may be more economically damaging and warrant corresponding investments in preparedness and response planning, according to three biologists writing in the April issue of BioScience. Anthony Ricciardi of McGill University and his coauthors point out that species invasions are becoming more frequent worldwide, lar ... read more

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