New Delhi (UPI) Feb 1, 2011
A number of India's key crops are experiencing the effects of climate change, experts say.
H Pathak, an investigator with the Indian Agricultural Research Institute's Climate Change Challenge Program, said global warming isn't limited to a rise in average temperatures.
"It's a little more complicated than that. There is for example also a rise in carbon dioxide and a change in rainfall patterns, which could affect India very severely because much of our agriculture is still rain-fed," Pathak told The Times of India.
India would be the hardest hit by climate change in terms of food production, said a study, ''The Food Gap -- The Impacts of Climate Change on Food Production: A 2020 Perspective'' released last month by the Universal Ecological Fund. The report predicts that crop yield in India would decrease by as much as 30 percent by the end of the decade.
While some regions of India are getting too much rain, other regions aren't getting enough, affecting crops ranging from coffee and tea to grapes and rice.
In the south, erratic rain patterns are causing the coffee crop to fruit twice and sometimes three times, resulting in inferior beans. The Coffee Board of India has instituted an insurance program to help coffee growers in Karnataka deal with the declining yields.
In the Kuttanad region of Kerala in the southwest, considered the state's Rice Bowl, heavy rains delayed the normal sowing season, which begins in October, until December, which triggered an onslaught of pests.
Changing weather patterns are also affecting the cultivation cycles of the western state of Maharashtra's 444,790 acres of grapes.
Mahendra Sahir, president of the Maharashtra State Grape Growers Association, says rainfall in November for the last three to four years has delayed pruning and thus harvesting, making it increasingly difficult to meet deadlines for supplies of grapes sent to the European Union.
D P Maheshwari, president of the Tea Association of India, said incessant rain, followed by a severe attack of pests, caused a massive crop loss in 2010.
Maheshwari estimated that some tea plantations throughout the country suffered losses up to 20 to 30 percent on the previous year's output.
Of particular concern is the change in the quality of Assam tea, known for its strong brew. The Assam region, in the northeastern part of the country, accounts for 52 percent of India's tea production. Last year the area saw a drop of 33 million pounds of Assam tea, compared to the previous year.
Share This Article With Planet Earth
Farming Today - Suppliers and Technology
Toward Controlling Fungus That Caused Irish Potato Famine
Washington DC (SPX) Jan 21, 2011
Scientists are reporting a key advance toward development of a way to combat the terrible plant diseases that caused the Irish potato famine and still inflict billions of dollars of damage to crops each year around the world. Their study appears in ACS' bi-weekly journal Organic Letters. Teck-Peng Loh and colleagues point out that the Phytophthora fungi cause extensive damage to food ... read more
Veteran ERS Satellite Provides New Insight Into Greenland's Plumbing|
Russia Launches Meteorological Satellite
NASA's Glory Mission Will Study Key Pieces Of Climate Puzzle
St. John, US Virgin Islands
JAXA Selects Spirent For Multi-GNSS Testing
Russia To Launch New Batch Of Glonass Satellites By June
Raytheon To Open GPS Collaboration Center In SoCal
Galileo Satellite Undergoes Launch Check-Up At ESTEC
Forests could start growing again: UN expert
Indonesia makes startling admission on forests
Concern at British plan to rent out forests
Timber smuggling rife in Kashmir
Rentech Fuels First Cross-Country Drive On 100 Percent Synthetic Diesel
Malaysian peatswamps obliterated for palm oil: study
Scania Receives Large Order For Biofuel Buses In Sweden
Biofuels Production From Integrated Seawater Agriculture System
Enecsys Solar PV Micro-Inverter Gain UL Certification
Duke Energy And SunEdison Announce Completion Of Solar Farm
Pepco Energy To Implement PV Project For US DoE
GSLO Expects Booming iPhone Sales To Drive Demand For Volt
Construction Begins On Dempsey Ridge Wind Project
India's Suzlon wins $1.28 bn wind power deal
German wind sector hopes for 2011 comeback
U.S. behind China in wind power energy
China mine blast death toll up to 26: state media
Seven found dead in China mine flood: state media
China mine flood traps at least seven: state media
29 still trapped in New Zealand coal mine
Man's best friend wins in China's economic boom
'Year of the Rabbit' could also be year of the love cheat
China says web 'open' despite Egypt news curbs
Anger over 'accidental' death of Chinese activist
|The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2010 - SpaceDaily. AFP and UPI Wire Stories are copyright Agence France-Presse and United Press International. ESA Portal Reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement,agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by SpaceDaily on any Web page published or hosted by SpaceDaily. Privacy Statement|