Free Newsletters - Space - Defense - Environment - Energy - Solar - Nuclear
..
. Farming News .




FARM NEWS
Permafrost to protect the biodiversity of the Earth
by Natalia Kovalenko
Moscow (Voice of Russia) Mar 05, 2014


The global seed bank on Spitsbergen has already been named the depositary of the Judgment Day

Samples of 20 thousand plants from 100 countries have been added to the world's largest collection of agricultural plants. Neither a flood nor nuclear explosion would be able to destroy them. The seed storage facility built on the Norwegian isle of West Spitsbergen was built in order to preserve the biodiversity of the planet's vegetation for the posterity.

Among the latest samples that the humankind was afraid to loose there are seeds of miso necessary for the preparation of the famous Japanese soup, of the Brazil nut and of a rare kind of cherry tomatoes.

The seeds of these and other plants took their due place on the shelves of the storage facility in Spitsbergen. There they will stay forever while being aired, checked for fertility and replaced by fresh ones, but they will always stay in the storage in case of global catastrophes.

Russia also takes part in that international program to preserve the biodiversity of the planet Earth's vegetation, says Nikolai Dzyubenko, PhD and director of the All-Russian Research Institute for Plant Cultivation named after Vavilov.

It is storage of genetic diversity in case of emergency situations: space catastrophes, nuclear war or flood - so that afterwards the population of the planet could be provided with food, clothing and medication.

Russia has transferred about 10 000 samples for safe keeping in that storage facility. It is the black box principle. We send seeds there packed in sealed boxes and can take back our samples at any moment. In other words there they take seeds for storage in the depositary without giving them the right to use them without the consent of the owner of the collection. They are responsible for preserving the samples, but are not responsible for their germination ability. At a certain time we need to replace these samples.

Today practically every country has its own bank of seeds. The largest banks are in the USA, China and Russia. Specifically, the Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Cultivation has a collection of over 300 thousand types of seeds. In Yakutia, on the territory of the Institute of Permafrost Studies of the Siberian chapter of the Russian Academy of Sciences federal seed cryostorage has been set up with a capacity of 100 thousand seed samples.

However, on Spitsbergen a unique and practically invulnerable depositary was created. It was built at the altitude of 130 meters above the sea level at a distance of 1100 km from the North Pole where there are only rocks and permafrost. The walls are made of fortified concrete one meter thick, there are double doors with anti-explosion protection; motion detectors are installed everywhere.

And, most importantly, the temperature inside is always set at -18 degrees Celsius. That is especially important. Various plant seeds have different germination threshold, but it has been proved that a constantly low temperature and a constant level of humidity allow to extend the life term of the plant's germ by tens of thousand times, says Vladimir Murashov, head of the laboratory of plant development at the Moscow State University.

In Tundra holes of lemmings have been discovered that date back 10-15 thousand years. Lemmings stored seeds of various plants and made deposits. When those holes were opened, some uneaten seeds were discovered in the deposits. People managed to sprout those seeds despite them having been stored for such a long time.

The global seed bank on Spitsbergen has already been named the depositary of the Judgment Day. Today seeds of over 820 thousand cultivated plants are stored there. In total that seed storage is capable of storing about 4.5 million types of seeds.

Source: Voice of Russia

.


Related Links
Roscosmos
Farming Today - Suppliers and Technology






Comment on this article via your Facebook, Yahoo, AOL, Hotmail login.

Share this article via these popular social media networks
del.icio.usdel.icio.us DiggDigg RedditReddit GoogleGoogle




Memory Foam Mattress Review
Newsletters :: SpaceDaily :: SpaceWar :: TerraDaily :: Energy Daily
XML Feeds :: Space News :: Earth News :: War News :: Solar Energy News





FARM NEWS
Better livestock diets to combat climate change and improve food security
Vienna, Austria (SPX) Feb 28, 2014
Livestock production is responsible for 12% of human-related greenhouse gas emissions, primarily coming from land use change and deforestation caused by expansion of agriculture, as well as methane released by the animals themselves, with a lesser amount coming from manure management and feed production. "There is a lot of discussion about reduction of meat in the diets as a way to reduce ... read more


FARM NEWS
NASA-JAXA Launch Mission to Measure Global Rain, Snow

NASA Building Four Spacecraft to Study Magnetic Reconnection

Counting Down to GPM

Sharp-Eyed Proba-V Works Around The Clock

FARM NEWS
Fifth Boeing GPS IIF Spacecraft Sends Initial Signals from Space

Russia to deploy up to 7 Glonass ground stations outside of national territory in 2014

Northrop Grumman Awarded U.S. Military Contract for Navigation Systems

Galileo works, and works well

FARM NEWS
Pine forest particles appear out of thin air, influence climate

UNEP launches global platform to protect forests

Massive logging leaves deep scars in Eastern Europe

Forest model predicts canopy competition

FARM NEWS
Methane leaks from palm oil wastewater are a climate concern

MSU advances algae's viability as a biofuel

Team converts sugarcane to a cold-tolerant, oil-producing crop

Pond-dwelling powerhouse's genome points to its biofuel potential

FARM NEWS
Power Electronics PV Plant Takes Chile To 10MW

Trina Solar announces WEEE Directive compliance

Superabsorbing Design May Lower Manufacturing Cost of Thin Film Solar Cells

SMA Solar Uses Technology Tie-Up To Meet Growing Industry Challenges

FARM NEWS
Taming hurricanes

Wind farms can tame hurricanes: scientists

Draft report finds no reliable link between wind farms and health effects

Czech wind power generation up 'disappointing' 15 percent in 2013

FARM NEWS
Societal Benefits of Fossil Energy to be at Least 50 Times Greater than Perceived Costs of Carbon

Goldman Sachs pulls out from Pacific coal export project

Colombia stops Drummond coal shipments over environmental row

China coal mine accidents kill 1,049 in 2013: govt

FARM NEWS
China detains former security chief's brother

China arrests more than 1000 baby trafficking suspects

Hong Kong editor in press freedom row hacked with cleaver

Wife of jailed Chinese Nobel winner in hospital




The content herein, unless otherwise known to be public domain, are Copyright 1995-2014 - Space Media Network. All websites are published in Australia and are solely subject to Australian law and governed by Fair Use principals for news reporting and research purposes. AFP, UPI and IANS news wire stories are copyright Agence France-Presse, United Press International and Indo-Asia News Service. ESA news reports are copyright European Space Agency. All NASA sourced material is public domain. Additional copyrights may apply in whole or part to other bona fide parties. Advertising does not imply endorsement, agreement or approval of any opinions, statements or information provided by Space Media Network on any Web page published or hosted by Space Media Network. Privacy Statement All images and articles appearing on Space Media Network have been edited or digitally altered in some way. Any requests to remove copyright material will be acted upon in a timely and appropriate manner. Any attempt to extort money from Space Media Network will be ignored and reported to Australian Law Enforcement Agencies as a potential case of financial fraud involving the use of a telephonic carriage device or postal service.